Set up Virtual Machine with Ubuntu
A virtual machine is like a computer within a computer. You take a little bit of hard drive space from your computer and install another operating system or server on it that is totally separate from your real computer (referred to as the host computer). The photo above shows my Ubuntu VM - just a window open on my normal computer, but also another whole, separate operating system.
Ubuntu is a free, open source operating system. This is a great way to have something to learn about servers and networks on without risking messing up anything on your normal computer.
Install Virtual Box & Ubuntu Desktop
Virtual Box creates an environment for your other operatign system or server to live on. Download and install it.
Next, we'll install the Ubuntu operating system. We can skip all the configuration steps and long install by using an already setup version, called an image. Download the 12.04 version. The default username/password is
- To unzip the file, you may need to install a 7z archiver like 7zx for Mac or 7zip for Windows.
- If prompted for an Extension Pack, you can download that here. Pick the one for your host operating system.
- If you find the keyboard keys to be mismatched: click System Settings > Keyboard > Layout Settings and add English US.
How to Take a Screenshot in Ubuntu
Click the top left Dash Home menu icon and search for 'screenshot'. Click the icon for the screenshot application. It will move to your dock and if you right-click on it, you can select to have it 'lock' to that position so that you always have it handy.