Backup with a Shell Script
You can write a shell script that will create a backup of your system, or specific folder. Let's write one to backup our Pictures folder.
Create Backup folder and Script
First, go to your Documents folder and create folder named
backups. Next, open the text editor and copy this script into it. Save it as
backup in your
#!/bin/sh # Backup Pictures Folder # What to backup. backup_files="/home/ubuntu/Pictures" # Where to backup to. dest="/home/ubuntu/Documents/backup" # Create archive filename. day=$(date +%A) hostname=$(hostname -s) archive_file="$hostname-$day.tgz" # Print start status message. echo "Backing up $backup_files to $dest/$archive_file" date echo # Backup the files using tar. tar czf $dest/$archive_file $backup_files # Print end status message. echo echo "Backup finished" date # Long listing of files in $dest to check file sizes. ls -lh $dest
Execute Backup Script
To run the backup script, in Terminal type:
cd bin sudo bash backup
It should return that it's completed the backup, and if you check your backup folder, you'll see it!
You can go futher by backing up your entire Ubuntu system to an external hard drive. There are instructions for that here.